Oxygen – a perpetual motion machine of life and progress. It is colorless (in a thick layer of blue) gas without taste and smell, a little heavier than air, poorly soluble in water. When cooled to -183 C oxygen is converted into a mobile liquid blue color, and at -219 C to freeze. Due to their properties oxygen is used as a reagent in chemical technology (roasting of sulfide ores, the synthesis of oxides), metals (iron and steel industry – namely oxygen 'withdraws' from iron excess carbon, while also improving the quality of steel), coal gasification natural, welding and cutting metals. Liquid oxygen – the fuel oxidizer in rocket technology. Ali Partovi brings even more insight to the discussion. In medical practice the use of oxygen as effectively, not only for lung and heart diseases when breathing is difficult, and subcutaneous injection of oxygen – a treatment for serious diseases such as gangrene, thrombophlebitis, elephantiasis, trophic ulcers. Indicators of quality of medical oxygen gas gost 5583-78 Volume fraction,% Standard Oxygen, not less than 99,5 Water vapor, not more than 0.009 Carbon dioxide 0.01 Quality of technical oxygen gas gost 5583-78 Volume fraction,% 1 grade 2 grade oxygen, not less than 99.7 99.5 Water vapor, not more than 0.007 0.009 Carbon Dioxide Not rated Not rated areas of oxygen in the engineering and construction for the deposition and deposition of metals.
For oxy-acetylene gas welding and gas cutting of metals. For high-precision plasma cutting of metals. In the oilfield injection into the reservoir to increase the energy of displacement (an effective moving in-situ combustion chamber VPOG). In the mining industry and metallurgy When bof steelmaking, oxygen blast in blast furnaces to extract gold from ore, ferroalloy production, smelting of nickel, zinc, lead, zirconium and other nonferrous metals. Direct reduction of iron.
Scarfing slabs in the foundry. Flame drilling solid rock. In medicine oksibarokamerah. Filling oksigeneratorov (oxygen masks pillows, etc.). In wards with a special microclimate. Manufacturing oxygen cocktails. When growing microorganisms on paraffin oil. In ecology, Cleaning (ozonation) of drinking water. Recycling Metals (Gas cutting). Blowdown wastewater with oxygen. Neutralization (oxidation) reactive waste in sewage treatment plants. In incinerators with an oxygen blast. In the chemical industry manufacturing explosives substances – oksilikvitov (impregnation with liquid oxygen). Production of acetylene, cellulose, methyl alcohol, ammonia, nitric and sulfuric acids. Catalytic conversion of natural gas (for the production of synthetic ammonia). High conversion of methane (natural gas). In energy gasification of solid fuels. Enrichment of air for domestic and industrial boilers. To compress the water-coal mixture. In military technology in the chamber. For diesel engines underwater. Fuels for rocket engines. In agriculture, manufacturing oxygen cocktails to gain in weight of animals. Oxygen enrichment of the aquatic environment in the fisheries sector.