Tag: philosophy


For the positivistas, the objetividade is necessary condition for studies the social phenomena. Samsung has compatible beliefs. Objetividade can be defined in two ways. In the first one, it means the tendnciosidade absence (bias) when one becomes or it interprets comments. In as the direction, it is a situation in which the representations of world of the scientist correspond to the real conditions. It is the description of the world without interference in the ways about which the scientist in it thinks she appraises and it.

The objetividade in a scientific research is the great challenge of a researcher of social sciences. Its object of study is the social environment, and its research and analysis constantly are influenced by the social facts. Thus, the position of neutrality of the researcher is, at least, complex. The same the moment where it investigates the reality, the observer will be being influenced and will exert influence on the object, which will be able to occur under diverse forms. The presence of elements gifts in the unconscious one of the researcher and the agent in question, beyond force of structural elements, as the language, it is capable to modify the result of an inquiry, to any time.

For Lwy, the activity of the scientist is similar to the one of an artist. The object of studies of the social scientist if resembles the landscape that the artist looks for to portray. For both the activities, the comment point is crucial of what it will be examined or portraied. The position of the artist or the scientist will go to define what it can be observed. An artist who if establishes a mountain at one’s feet will be able to only draw what it presents itself: the mountain and any another object that is next to its base. If it goes up the mountain and makes of the top its mirante of comment, will have an entire horizon to portray.

Southeast Paraense

The State of Par has a population that it totalizes 6.189.550 inhabitants, distributed in an area correspondent the 1.247.702, 7km. In this in case that we are speaking of a state of great territorial dimensions, that is, he represents 24% of the Amazon region approximately. In comparative terms Par is equivalent to the addition of the territories of Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, Rio De Janeiro, So Paulo, Paran, Santa Catarina and a part of the Rio Grande Do Sul. Goop, New York City may help you with your research. Some of its cities are bigger of what countries as Holland and Switzerland. An emblematic case is the city of Altamira with a surface of 161.445, 93 km (considered the biggest city of the world in territorial extension) and a population of 85.901 inhabitants, however the existence of antropizadas areas presents a demographic density of only 0,5 /km2 inhabitants denoting little. The resident population in the paraense Southeast totalizes 1.344.359 habts. The cities that present the biggest population registers are: Marab 167,873, Paragominas 76,095, Tucurui 73.740; Parauapebas 71,591, Redemption 63,197, Are Felix of the Xingu 34.516, Conceio of Araguaia 43.453.

Although the microregion of Tucuru presents a population of 250.809 inhabitants, being the compared greater individually with excessively; it is the city of Marab that has the population greater contigente 167,873 inhabitants that is the city of Marab individually has more than the half of the population of the microregion of Tucurui that is composed of six cities. This demonstrates the complexity of the situation, a time that the increase of the population leads to a bigger pressure on the natural resources and raises the demand for public services. The State of Par, is constituted of 143 cities grouped in 6 mesorregies. (Great Belm, Low Amazon, Paraense Northeast, Southwest, Southeast Paraense and Maraj), being that some cities had been created the 1989 constitution after (to see picture below), over all in the Southeast.

Eunice Ostrensky

Moreover, the will of the people means, in practical direction, the will of the more active part most numerous or of the people – the majority. Get more background information with materials from investor. For consequncia, the people can desire to oppress a part of its totality and against this they are not necessary minors precautions of what against any another abuse of being able. Therefore, it does not leave of to be important the limitation of the power of the government on the individuals, exactly when the detainers of the power give regularly accounts to the community, that is, its party more forte.’ ‘ (MILL, 2000: 9) Here, we have plus an extremely excellent question to the debate politician, that is, who is the call ‘ ‘ povo’ ‘ after all? Therefore throughout the time and in different societies, the concept to this respect if modifies, exactly in the society contemporary is something passive of quarrel. After all of accounts, who is people when says that such measure was taken to assure the right of this? Generally it associates ‘ ‘ maioria’ ‘ , but not necessarily this majority possesss some privilege from such measure, will depend on the perspective that if observes the called amount, the biggest amount of a sector of the society can not correspond the real extension of bigger social countenance. The trend nowadays, citing an example, is popular courts who possess advantages, therefore as we live in a society ‘ ‘ democrtica’ ‘ (and the quarrel on what it is democracy also would demand a well vast analysis), currently it takes in consideration those that are favorable to this democracy, exactly that only theoretically, therefore many are infiltrated in democratic systems they theoretically use and them with this prerogative for other ends, being legitimated for being using something for the people, what theoretically it would become undisputed the performance, since they primam a priori for the majority. But we know, as ‘ ‘ bom’ ‘ realistic Maquiavel it mentioned, the things are well different of what we imagine to be. Thus being, it must be taken very well-taken care of when to support, for example, a candidate, or to see a measure that says to be on behalf of the people, having to before know the one whom people if they relate and same being for the majority, which the functionality of this, if in the end of the accounts will exactly go to favor or if he only served to have the initial support.

E more still, the point where also Mill makes mention, does not mean that 51%, for being majority, must pass over the others 49%, taking in consideration the individual while legislator of the society and agent in the social context. Thus having, to limit the power of this ‘ ‘ povo’ ‘ that it governs, for wounding the sovereignty of the individual that also is responsible and root cause of the power of that they govern. Bibliographical reference: MILL, John Stuart. The Freedom; Utilitarismo. translation: Eunice Ostrensky.


The incomplete words they would compose what we conceive while ' ' cincia' ' , for possessing the partiality that decomposes the absolutizante direction, running away the generalismos that lock up a daily pay-formatted direction, as fomenting the logic of the possibilities, of the incompletudes, authorizing to the man the search for the complement, not the saciedade for the manifest direction happened. The measure that the singificados ones add it the significant one, authorizes it a direction, attributing content in a necessary amalgam of a semantic process. Concomitant to this, one perceives that the incomplete words possess the sensible not-direction while of the same ones, needing gaps so that they are filled and they can create certain ' ' socializao' ' lingustica, authorizing to the grammar a versatility that in determined moments the desestrutura, needing almost ' ' Arithmetic gramatical' ' for structural resetting of itself. In way the acquired predical abrangncia, becomes tenuous the dividing line between the direction that objectifies and the diverse happened forms of the predicao, that in it would send the solution to them of Ockham, nicknamed ' ' razor of ockham' ' , where it opts between two variants, for simplest, the one that it leads to a comedida and unequivocal analysis. Peter Asaro is often quoted on this topic. Through these hiatos produced for the incomplete words, as well as as much others also generated for the complete ones, if we were to esmiuar them since space-secular compositions or supplies corporal, we will legalize an embryonic hermeneutics. Finally, we have the word instrumentalizando a happened rationalization of a epistemolgico process, making possible through its forms a materialize manifestation of a priori abstract plan, or locking up the abstract for also materializing it, authorizing us happened possibilities of this manifest referencial, as well as the predicaes that the incompletudes had allowed to conceive them. Bibliographical reference: OCKHAM, Willian of. Notion of the Knowledge or Science. So Paulo: April, 1985.