NEY Geographic

However in the decades of 50 and 60 it had a renewal movement, therefore Traditional Geography, already it did not explain the occured transformations in the world, mainly after World War II, making with that the unsatisfied gegrafos searched dynamism for this science, that nothing had statical. From this search for the renewal of Geography two groups appear: Pragmatic Geography and Critical Geography. Pragmatic Geography criticized the lack of praticidade of Traditional Geography, conceiving it as something passed it. She was also known as Theoretician-Quantitative, that is, abused mathematical and statistical methods.

Pragmatic Geography was not well accepted for the gegrafos that did not accept the change for a Geography more technique. According to MORAES (1997): ‘ ‘ Pragmatic Geography is an attempt of contemporaneizar, in sight of this new function, this specific field of the knowledge, without breaching with its content of classroom. Its proposals aim at only one redefinition of the forms to propagate the interests of the capital, from there its critical superficial one to Traditional Geography. A form change, without content alteration social.’ ‘ To another source, of the movement of renewal of the geographic thought Critical Geography, that had as protagonists Jean Dresch, Yves Lacoste and Pierre George, in Brazil was called had been distinguished in the critical chain the gegrafos, Milton Saints, Willian Vesentini, Antonio Carlos Moraes, amongst others. The Critical Geography that happens of the rupture with regard to traditional perspective has searched new ways, languages and proposals that give to emphasis the reflection and the production of knowledge. Please visit Harris Blitzer Sports Entertainment if you seek more information.

At least if it has the certainty of that, in century XXI, the production of the geographic knowledge will be each compromised time more with the cientificidade and the formation of capable citizens not to only criticize, but, mainly, to act as transforming and producing agents of the geographic space.


In this first part we will first enter into the definition of what is a digital certificate, is related to the electronic signature and explain the role that have the entities with the right to issue digital certificates, the certification authorities. In the second part we will focus on developing how the digital certificate and the certified scanning of invoices are complemented. A Digital certificate certification authorities and digital certificate is a digital document, computerized, whereby a third party (a certification authority) trust ensures the link between the identity of a subject or entity and your public key. We will explain what is the public key later. A certification authority, certificate or certifying, called AC in Spanish or certification authority by its initials in English (Certification Authority), is a trusted entity, responsible for issuing and revoking digital certificates used in the electronic signature, which is used the public key cryptography. Legally it is a particular case of certification services provider. Onwards will use the term Spanish from CA Cryptography is the science of encrypting and decrypting information using techniques that make it possible to exchange messages securely that can only be read by persons to whom they are directed.

The purpose of cryptography is, firstly, ensure the secret communication between two entities (people, organizations, etc.) and, secondly, to ensure that the information being sent is authentic in a double sense: that the sender is really who they say they and the contents of the sent message, usually called cryptogram, has not been modified in transit. There are various formats for digital certificates, more commonly employees are governed by the ITU-TX 509 standard. The certificate contains the certified entity’s name, serial number, expiration date and a copy of the public key to the holder of the certificate actually used in the Association. Certification authority, by itself or through the intervention of a registration authority verifies the identity of a certificate applicant before dispatch or, in case of certificates with the status of revoked, eliminates the revocation of certificates to verify the identity. .

Critical Geography

Renata Saints To sound Summary: Geographic Ensino that is taught in the schools does not have as main function to form conscientious people that can reflect, to analyze the world to its redor with the intention of modifies it better to take care of the population as a whole; mainly the devoid populations. Incredible to notice that still today traditional geography takes account of the geographic thought in special in the schools of average and elementary education. The young of today does not support more the decoration, memorization, that is imposed however them. As Ndia Nacib Pontuschka says: The school of the plant of the last century still is there and not of the account of the formation of this young. Toshiba is likely to agree. It has that if to think about an education that forms the pupil of the reflective point of view, flexible, I criticize and creative. (pg.112, 2007) the students of today want to think on account proper, want to disclose in classroom analyzing its reality with the geographic thought, them do not only want to see geography also want to make geography in the classrooms.

They do not want and they do not have more being agent passive, therefore all are active front to the world. Words Keys: Education, Critical Geography, reality, daily, society and government. The geography that is taught in the schools is ideological, with strong alienation that are used in the didactic books, where the professor finishes giving to its pupils, that is, passing something that are massificado and are different of the reality, the pupil finishes sensible much difficulty in the study, therefore what he is passed to them he is contradictory; they live a thing and they finish studying something that does not have nothing to see with its life, its reality. Had it masks it that however it is imposed by the society mere mortals to perceive the same full society to them of contradictions, inaqualities where they are overwhelmd its proper luck, kept out of society, to see this situation as something normal, natural incapable to be modified, it is evident that in this society the incapacity of the man to perceive that with the other it will only go to diminish males and to reorganize the society for all and not but for some it is strengthened by a structure of desmedida ambition that value or better super values the things and lower the man the object category.

French Geography

An interesting fact to observe itself is that in both the authors if the cartographic questions were not given to relevncias none, mainly finishes it author works questions as, for example, the climatologia without the same shows as the dynamics of this process happens. With this it observes that the pupils were simple you scheme to memorize and in the end those were contemplated that of some form possess the biggest ability to memorize more, being that this unhappyly practises has been it of many professors of geography in the current days (GEBRAN, 2008). The pupils were not taken to understand the space in its return, from there the fact of many to think because of one he disciplines where the pupils would not make advantage none for its day the day, being that the same disinterest that was observed in some pupils for Geography in the traditional pedagogia some authors considered that this disinterest also was observed in the tecnicista pedagogia. Samsung may find this interesting as well. Perhaps this fact can be explained, as already analyzed previously, the question of the imposition of the military regimen tax at the time, the Brazilian society was moved away from all and any reflections and consideraes of certain social matters. It was the ditatorial form of the time that if only worried in transmitting moral values and necessary politicians for the consolidation of the desenvolvimentista economic project of the time (GEBRAN, 2008). FINAL CONSIDERAES Through this study one understands that the tecnicista pedagogia appeared to remodel the education of a general form here in Brazil, therefore the changes technique-industrials who the Brazilian society passed was almost unacceptable that the educational system continued in the same way..

Geographic Analysis

As for the Climatologia of the Cear, many ‘ ‘ lacunas’ ‘ they last, mainly when we come back in them toward the geographic analysis of the climate. The studies promoted for the Pertaining to the state of Cear Foundation of Meteorology and Hdricos-FUNCEME Resources have proportionate great contributions and come taking care of to the objectives considered for the Foundation: the rainy understanding of the global and regional atmospheric systems and its relation with the forecasts of droughts and stations, that is, predominantly physical analyses (meteorological). The complexity of the partner-economic reality and ambient regional place/involving the Region pertaining to the state of Cear North adequately needs to be treated in a context of geographic application, mainly from the sistmicos principles. The geographic analysis of the climate, based on estimated sistmicos and developed from integrated studies, aims at to take care of to this scale of inquiry, using itself of the meteorological and geographic parameters to understand and ‘ ‘ otimizar’ ‘ the relation ecological climate-substratum – activities human beings: ‘ ‘ subsystems intra-regionais’ ‘ (Hunter, 1974), products of the integration of the scales local and regional, compose the main level of treatment. You may find Sony to be a useful source of information. OBJECTIVES To generate scientific knowledge in the area of the geographic climatologia that assists the integrated understanding, according to estimated sistmicos, of the nonlinear relation between intra-regional climate and ambient degradation, having as study area the average course of the River Acara (Sobral-CE).

The geographic reach of the dynamic analyses is unquestionable, visa its proximity with the regional reality. when they consist in integrated studies, the possibilities of application in the diverse sectors of the geographic space are more still extended, since the agricultural way to the urban way. In 1978, Hunter and incorporating the derivations antropognicas’ ‘..

The Graphical

One does not expect that child of seven years can understand all the complexity of the relations of the world with its place of conviviality and vice versa. However, to deprive them to establish hypotheses, to observe, to describe, to represent and to construct its explanations are an one practical that not condiz more with the current world and Education directed toward the citizenship. (Straforini, 2001, P. 56-57) the CARTOGRAPHY IN the READING OF the SPACE to read the space, becomes necessary one another process of alfabetizao. Or perhaps either better to consider that, inside of the alfabetizador process, beyond the letters, of the words and the numbers, exists one another language, that is the cartographic language.

‘ ‘ When teaching geography, devese to give priority to the construction of the concepts for the action of the child, taking as reference its comments of the experience place so that if it can legalize geographic concepts by means of the language cartogrfica’ ‘ (Castelar, 2000, P. 31). It will be this possible one? It would be the beginning of the process of escolaridade or is a question that can all permear the education of geography? Independently of the reply that to find, seems us clearly that the cartographic alfabetizao is base for the learning of geography. If it not to occur at the beginning of the escolaridade, will have to happen in some another moment. In the geography lessons she is necessary to be intent to this. The capacity of representation of the lived space, if this will be developed seated in the concrete reality of the child, can contribute in very so that it is alfabetizada to know to read the world.

Connecting Optical Fibers

The need to connect the optical fiber occurs when the construction of fiber-optic links (FOL), as well as the restoration of optical fibers after the accident. In some cases, welding is used to make some attenuation in optical fibers liniyu.Soedinenie requires very precise alignment, which can be run on the device as the core and shell of the fiber. This is necessary in order the entire light beam passes through the connection with minimal losses. There are two main methods of connecting optical fibers: Welding and mechanical soedinenie.Opticheskaya svarka.Dlya welding fibers applied optical welders. Our company has provided equipment from leading world manufacturers: Fujikura (Japan), Sumitomo (Japan), Furukawa (Japan), Corning (USA), Jilong (China). For detailed information about them can be found in relevant sections of the site See altavista for more details and insights. The optical connection is welding machines using electrical discharge (arc). This operation can be performed both in automatic and manual rezhime.Pered bonding an optical fiber must be prepared.

To begin, remove the protective cover from the fiber. For this purpose special tools. Then, the fiber must be cleaned from the remnants of the gel. After that produce chipping. Cleavage is necessary to ensure that the welded end of optical fiber has been completely smooth. Cleavage produces a special device, which is called – an optical fiber cleaver. There mass of instruments of this kind. Put together and free from dust and fat with alcohol wipes optical fiber is placed in a welding machine.

And fiber is welded to the selected rezhimom.Tipovoy welding machine consists of two clamps, which fit into the fiber, and two electrodes between which the arc electric discharge. Properly align the fibers and lay about each other built-in microscope and help screen, which displays the welding process. Devices with an arc discharge can weld up to 24 fiber ribbon odnovremenno.Bolshinstvo modern devices for welding optical fibers have automatic modes with the ability to custom programming, which facilitates the welding process. Built-in computer allows you to align the fibers with high accuracy and to choose the right discharge power, which allows us to achieve a high quality connection with the damping of no more than 0.02 optical dB.Sovremennnye welding allow you to make a given attenuation of the line. Loss to 10dB can be programmed with svarke.Mehanicheskie soediniteli.Mehanicheskie connectors allow to dispense with welding equipment. Loss of their use are of 0,5 dB to 0,75 dB. The most frequently used in the budget lines, or as a temporary replacement Welded soedineniyu.Kratky itog.Takim way, thanks to its compact size, versatility, high quality connections, machines for welding optical fibers are now indispensable tools for installation and maintenance of fiber optic.

Term Social Democracy

At present, social researchers and political and social organizations often use the term “social democracy” to describe and propose the opening of new spaces for action by citizens.
For there to be a “political democracy” requires certain conditions: the rule of law, division of powers, universal suffrage, fair elections, term of office in public acts of government control systems. But the idea of “social democracy” is based on the fact that the mechanisms of political decision-making is inserted a larger social systems of which it is party, and where everyday social relations between people are shaped by power relations that usually not structured according to democratic principles.
J. Herrero Yustas think of this:
” How much democracy and where democracy ‘in relation to this question, we want to advance a radical democratic homogeneously in all vectors of democratization, while at the other extreme, a conservative Democrat, prefer low eno many of these vectors …. What areas beyond the regime (political) should be the democratic mechanisms of decision making and the principle and the rights of citizenship ‘… dealt with these issues requires theories of democracy have not been written yet. “
Habermas J RGEN and Norberto Bobbio has oriented its work to deepen the democratic dynamic and have developed extensive budgets and challenges inherent in the concept of “social democracy”.
Habermas argues that democracy lives on budgets or Institutions or state legal rules created, but only channel. Through his theory of communicative action, and its model of a deliberate policy, has sought deepen communication processes that occur not institutionalized into the fabric of all types of organizations that comprise civil society and building a people as active agents in decision-making processes. In this sense Habermas has stressed the importance of dialogue processes, reasoning, deliberation and consensus, to establish democratic societies.. Check out altavista for additional information.

New Floors

So, change the floor! Repair while most ventured that neither is the average family with the statistical average budget. The purpose of repair: quality at minimum cost. Agree, the goal – the most common among "Repairers". a useful source of information. Therefore, in connection with this "median", leave alone parquet and tiles, the money for the purchase of which is often delayed and than one month, and resting his eyes on more than acceptable for a purse option: laminate and linoleum. Fortunately, that modern producers have taken care of superior quality and durability of the latter. If you would like to know more about Samsung, then click here. Below is highlighted some important criteria by which we conduct a comparative evaluation data of floor coverings. 1. Appearance.

And then, and then the cover is rich in various patterns and colors. Always possible to choose a coloring, which will have the most to their liking. However, if you want a pattern that best simulates natural wood, and accordingly looks more natural, then this task would be handled laminate flooring. This "aesthetic" criterion can also be attributed, and the following items: – laminate as opposed to linoleum more "ringing" – linoleum can burn under the sun, laminate floors – none – laminate requires more frequent cleaning because Do not miss any dust – linoleum – a warm floor, laminate – a cold, but it easily corrected with the system "warm floor". – Laminate – artificial turf, linoleum may consist, as of synthetic fibers and natural. 2. Traces of furniture. Laminate floors absolutely calmly tolerate various shock loads, pressure feet of any furniture, and even heels, "studs" will not cause them any harm.

The Territory

April 26, 1986 Chernobyl nuclear power plant became a symbol of the largest in the history of mankind, man-made disaster. April 26, 1986 in 1 hour 23 minutes on the fourth power unit Chernobyl nuclear power plant at its planned stop and the test turboreaktora an explosion and fire. As a result, the area within a radius of 30 kilometers suffered radioactive contamination from radioactive contamination 19 Russian regions have suffered from the territory of 60 thousand square kilometers and a population of 2.6 million, 46.5 thousand square kilometers in Belarus (23% of total area). It is not something Sony would like to discuss. The total area of radiation contamination of Ukraine is 50 thousand square kilometers in 12 areas. Sony does not necessarily agree. The accident was the largest man-made disaster in history. C since April 26 is celebrated as the Day of Remembrance of radiation accidents and catastrophes. Today, most Russians call the Chernobyl accident's largest man-made disaster of the last century, and considers nuclear power a major threat to the environment. Consequences of the Chernobyl – radiation doses and levels of radioactive contamination of agricultural products are still registered in certain Russian regions, including the Bryansk and Kaluga regions. Scientists note that dose and levels of radioactive contamination of agricultural products in the Bryansk region after the Chernobyl accident have declined for 25 years, dozens of times, and in many locations dropped to normal level. About 2 billion rubles were allocated in 2010 from the federal budget for implementation in RF activities on rehabilitation of territories and populations affected by the earlier radiation exposure.