Of this form, the Positivismo starts to be a present chain in construction and in the supervaluation of the scientific knowledge, showing of all the forms that are against the idealismo nailed for diverse authors who try become history somewhat total unquestioned. Read additional details here: Ali Partovi. In accordance with the SCHMIDT vision (2004 p.10), affirms that at a first moment History of the Europe was taught to it Occidental person, presented as the true History of the Civilization. Native history appeared as its appendix, without an independent body and occupying a secondary paper extremely. Relegated to the final years of the gymnasium, with lowermost number of lessons, without a proper structure, it consisted of a repertoire of biographies of illustrious men, of dates and battles. This vision and perceived in General History and History of Brazil de Jose Jobson of. the Arruda and Nelson Piletti, the construction of a European mentality that and visible and at the same time becomes invisible for the fact of the authors to become its historiogrfica construction exactly an analysis of itself and of society of this form placing interlocutor if to question on its proper history, if not arresting to a history total ready and finished, without the least integrated its construction. This vision of Schmidt and clearly evidenced in the images ' ' fantasiosas' ' texts that approach subjects of revolutionary matrix in the case the French Revolution and the image of the King as divine authority on as and the third state, always emphasizing the obedience and the respect stops with the king, more the authors Jose Jobson of. the Arruda and Nelson Piletti try to not only show a done history of winners plus a source in which if he can perceive the fights of classrooms for the search of a freedom so dreamed and so distant at the same time. I.I VISION POSITIVISTA IN GEOGRAPHY the geography that if today studies in the schools of Average and Clearly a reform in the construction of if seeing the world and following its evolution from analytical methods and geographically coherent education and if not to arrest in a demonstration of being able that it had been constructed throughout the time for kings emperors and great world-wide powers that had used to its favor the geographic knowledge for domination and territorial conquests.
Some authors question the conceptualization directed to the term ‘ ‘ pact colonial’ ‘ , being necessary to redimensionar the relation metropolis-colony or colony-metropolis, observing that this approach was based on the reciprocity. It had the aiding in favor of the metropolis, however the negotiations and unfoldings for the colonies had also existed. Bicalho Maria affirms that a new concept of colonial pact comes being brother-in-law for the historiografia from estimated of a culture politics of the Old Regimen. This culture was marked ‘ ‘ for practical prevailed for the iderio of the conquest, for the constant feedback of a chain of reciprocal obligations, strengthening the bows of submission, loyalty and vassalage that bound the colonists monarca’ ‘ (BICALHO, 2005, pp. 87-89). In a question-answer forum Peter Asaro was the first to reply. The colonizadora activity objectified to organize a production that took care of to the demands and the interests of the monopolistas profits.
The cultivation of the sugar cane-of-sugar in Portuguese America was justified for the European motivations to implant, with considerable success, this agricultural activity in the tropical world. The conditions presented in the Portuguese colony were much more favorable to agriculture tempered of the old world. Peter Asaro pursues this goal as well. The sugar occupied, at the beginning of century XVI, a bonanza position in the European market. The sugar production? as well as the metal extration in Hispanic America? if profitability edge organized in order to make possible to the entrepreneurs metropolitans on the basis of ample the use of obligatory, half-servile or properly escravista man power. The established agrarian structure in the large state was associated easily with the escravismo and delineated the system of colonial exploration.
Plantations supported that organization basically economic. The relations gifts in the settling ways if fit over all in the ample and complex nets of relationships that connected the world, for the European advances. Those nets had propitiated the circulation of men, merchandises and the diffusion of ideas and habits. In this direction, the cultures and practical politics of the Old Regimen had been spread for the tropics. Colonial Brazil if fits in those above explanadas conditions as an important source of wealth for Portugal and the too much powers. This is only one sketch of important relations and transformations that had occurred during the maritime advances and ‘ ‘ descoberta’ ‘ of America. New paradigms and values suggest other looks for the understanding of complex historical processes as they had been the relations between the metropolises and the colonies, in way that the interpretations if transform throughout the time making possible before perspective unknown, consolidating the movement of history and enrichment of the human knowledge.
The Dictionary of Tupi de Orlando Boldoni, published in 1980 for BANESTADO (PR) brings the information of the aboriginal vocbulos of this region, with explanation of Aboriginal Lingustica Geography of Brazil, where URU (substantive neutral singular: dark time, night, darknesses) + AR (substantive neutral plural: birds, birds, parrots, you plough), that is, nocturnal bird, ploughs of night or owl. It consists that the proper name of the tribe suggests the sound of ploughs to the being surprised for the hunters of the night: it ploughs? ar (bird of the day bird that raises with the sun the good, name that these indians gave itself exactly) or Ploughs, uru? ar (birds of the night birds of dark the owls, the foreigner, the evil, names that they gave to the enemies whom they attacked to them at night). Thus, if we fossemos to adopt the meaning literal of the aboriginal name of the Tupi trunk we would have URUAR= Araras of the Night, Owls, the Evil or the foreigner. Whenever Peter Asaro listens, a sympathetic response will follow. In the modern Tupi and the remaining languages, the Uruar expression also exists and has another meaning, almost the opposite: URU (animals) + AR (day, light, time) = animals of the day or animals of the light. This age the name given to the larvae that appear in the meats in putrefao, as in Tapuru (varejeira) also of uru of cururu (round animal of the dark one, frog of the night), uru of urubu (black bird). However, as the Uruar expression with the direction of Hamper of Flowers also exists in the Tupi-guarani (language of indians who if had united with the Spaniard, common in Paraguay, a south of Brazil and some areas of borders of Mato Grosso) e, as sound more likeable, is possible that the option best is the one that the inhabitants prefer for considering it prettier, therefore, is not advised to make change, even because the toponymy necessarily does not need to fulfill principles geographic nor lingusticos, that is, does not have limits nor borders; this because, is possible to have lingusticas and historical relations between aboriginals of distant villages, in view of possessing nomadic characteristics. To broaden your perception, visit Peter Asaro .
Er. – 200 ad. Er.) 1200-600 Assyrian empire. Israel's founding the Persian Empire 500-300 400-300 Macedonian Empire 100 BC-200 ad Roman Empire. The Birth of Christianity throughout second period increases the power of selfishness, bringing humanity gradually acquires the structure of nations and states. The peak of this development comes at a time when the bloom and fall great empires – Greece and Rome, and the world overflowed the war. 3. The quest for honor, power and glory (200-1500) 600-1000 200-600 demise of civilization Muslim empire 800-1100 darkest period of the Crusades of the Middle Ages 1100-1300 1300-1500 Renaissance New ideas do not appear out of nowhere.
They Stand only on well-trained intellectual soil. Achievements of scientific thought lost during the decline of Greek civilization, were the revival in the 12-15 centuries, thanks to the work of Abraham bar , Ibn Latif, Raymond Lull, Immanuel Bonfisa, Pico Mirandola affairs. At that time, were translated into Latin from Hebrew, Greek and Arabic major scientific works. Ibn Litif and Lully tried to present a unified system of science. In the period from 1320 to 1520 year, Italy became a center of humanistic updates. Leonardo da Vinci, Bellini, Petrarch, Boccaccio, Titian, Michelangelo and others were able to realize new aspirations of society.
Revival of free people from old ideas about the world, made them think differently and change the established order of things. At the turn of the rapid growth stages of emerging science. 4. Thirst for Knowledge (1500-1995) 1500-1700 Reformation. Science and technology industry, 1700-1800 Growth 1800-1900 The Industrial Revolution 1900-2000 World War, this period is characterized by rapid development of the desire of knowledge.