Tag: geography

Managing Plan Space

In view of that the municipalities of small population transport also will be able to pledge in the preparation and approval of its Managing Plan, this article has the purpose to contribute with reflections on this important instrument of management shared with the community. It is important to detach that, diverse in accordance with studious of the subject is not consensual the definition or interpretation of the word Managing Plan – PD between the responsible ones for its elaboration, and approval, in the different Brazilian municipalities. The professionals who deal with the space organization such as the gegrafo, engineer, social assistant, real estate educator, sociologist, architect, city planner, entrepreneurs and land proprietors, in general, divergem of the meaning or use different interpretations on the accurate intention of the PD. In this in case that, they multiply, after that, the attempts of definition of the PD concept: In the interpretation of the ABNT? Brazilian association of Norms Techniques, PD is the basic instrument of a process of municipal planning for the implantation of the politics of urban development, guiding the action of the public and private agents. For the researcher, Pablo Vilaa, the PD would be a plan that, from a scientific diagnosis of the physical, social, economic reality, administrative politics and of the city, the city and its region, would present a set of proposals for the future socioeconmico development, and future space organization of the uses of the ground urban, the nets of infrastructure, and elements of the urban structure, for the city and the city, proposals these defining for short, medium and long run, and approved for law municipal theatre. Jose Alfonso Hisses, that he approaches this subject under the optics of the Right, in turn, says that the PD is a plan, because it establishes the objectives to be reached, the stated period where these must be reached …, the activities to be executed and who must execute them. He is managing, because he fixes the lines of direction of urban development of the City.

In a publication on the Statute of the City, edited in 2002, for the House of representatives, it consisted that the PD can be defined as a set of principles and orienting rules of the action of the agents who construct and use the urban space. Between the cited definitions it seems that the one that was adopted in the Statute of the City has ampler reach, beyond keeping meant more necessary to the concept, seno let us see: the managing plain PD must be an instrument that guides all the concrete actions of intervention on the territory, independently of the fact of these actions to be taken the handle for the individuals, the companies, the public sector or any another type of agent. It is seen, therefore, that the PD cannot so only be constructed by the technician and cited professionals already, in cabinet. A Managing Plan for ' ' pegar' ' it results of a process of construction with the participation of all the interested parties in the social and space organization of the city.

Geography Rains

We perceive that the climatic differentiation of the Northeast region is a little complicated, consisting of four systems of circulation that influence in the same climatic ratio and are called Insane Chain Systems of South, North, East and West. You may want to visit Robotics expert to increase your knowledge. Thus, the deriving chains of the South, consisting of the polar fronts arrive at the region in the spring and summer for the littoral extensions until the south of the Bahia causes to rains frontals and after-frontals, happening in the winter reaching until the coast of Pernambuco, while the Hinterland continues under high action of the tropical one. Already the beginning of insane chains of North, conceived for the Intertropical Convergence, they generate rains of the summer to the autumn until Pernambuco, in the outskirts of the Evenness of the Catherine. Inversely, the chains of East are more common in winter habitually they generate considerable rains in the coast, rare times arriving at scarps of Plateaus of the Borborema (800 m) and of the Chapada Diamantina (1,200 m). After that, the chain system of West, caused for the lines of Tropical Instability, happens since the ending of the spring until the start of the autumn, rare times reaching the states of the Piau and Maranho.

In this way, the winter months, mainly June and July, present minims between 12C and 16C in the coast, and basses in plateaus, being refined in 1C in the Chapada of the Diamantina after the entrance of a polar source. Soon the precipitation in the region is intricate for the anxiety source, being that its annual totals that if they modify of 2.000 mm until the inferiors 500 mm in the Evenness of the Catherine, between Bahia and Pernambuco, and in the depression of Ducks in the Paraba. In such way, that the annual average precipitation in the northeast region is low 1,000 mm, being that in Cabaceiras, interior of the Paraba, was written down the minimum analyzed annual pluviomtrico index already in Brazil, 278 mm/ano. Also, in the hinterland of this region, the rainy moment is, normally, of only two months in the year, capable, in few years until not having, causing the baptized regional droughts.

Geographic Panorama

Counting on national and international support (in this case of companies transnational, organizations not-governmental or even though of countries developed interested in supporting action that benefits social, or the same one to get external prestgios), the movement dynamically follows its fight and acting occupying lands in almost all the country. What if it can conclude of the presented study is that one remodels agrarian in Brazil hardly will be materialize. Checking article sources yields Motrola Razr as a relevant resource throughout. Two factors can thus be cited that contribute for such occurrence. First, the proper agrarian structure installed in the country in the colonial period (the donation of the sesmarias) and that still it exists in the current days (being that little thing was modified). As a factor of excellent importance is the fact of that the property of the land always was and still is intent at the hands of few people (these, most of the time the ones that they withhold the power politician, then the ones that could make some thing, to put the situation is remained other people’s).

It is I validate to point out also the participation and importance of movements to say in the agrarian question in Brazil, then in the sequels of our historical process of land distribution. How much to the MST, this in the most organized movement of fight of the land that acts in the country, considering that this not only demands land questions, harms in almost all consists the sectors of the society (health, education, culture, economy, etc.), thus demonstrating to its organization before the public power and the State.REFERENCES ADAS, Melhem, 1938 Geographic Panorama of Brazil: partner-space contradictions, impasses and challenges; Sergio Adas (collaborating). 3. Ed. Reform. So Paulo: Modern, 1998. BRAZIL, Constitution (1988). Brasilia: Federal Senate Edition Undersecretary’s office Techniques, 2007. MST, Vestibule. Available in.

Cultural Geography

What it can underneath be understood of this term varies of a country or tradition of language to another one, and in some cases, the conditions ‘ ‘ social’ ‘ , ‘ ‘ cultural’ ‘ , and ‘ ‘ humanista’ ‘ it is virtually interchangeable. Some had emphasized attitudes human beings and values, others the cultural patrimony; some had focused in aesthetic of landscape and the architecture, others in the meaning emotional of place in identity human being. Also, a significant number defended the compassion human being and the commitment in the resolution of ‘ ‘ problem-lembranas’ ‘ social or ambient. Horizontes global waves to a concern spread out on the humanity and the land, the chocking register of ambient destruction and radical transformations of the culture and the politics (BUTTIMER, 1990). Others including isearch, offer their opinions as well. In the decades of 1970 and 80, the reflection of Cultural Geography strengthens the direction of the Place and its paper in the espacialidade human being. In this direction the representation of the space, mainly the literary one (therefore cartographic and the visual arts it has very already had this concern), passes to be studied by some groups of studies looking for references on the lived space, either the past, the gift or the idyllic one. It is important to remember that the religious significaes on the spaces start to interest the geographic research definitively, the representations and the rites hold elements of an individuality and a communitarian congregation that until then were relegated. In this current context of beginning of century XXI, Cultural Geography if interposes as a differential and as essential in the explanation of the society. Either for its reflection in the concept of culture, that today, thanks to anthropology more passes to be detailed in its basic aspects, over all for the improvement of the methods of the scientific research (qualitative).

NEY Geographic

However in the decades of 50 and 60 it had a renewal movement, therefore Traditional Geography, already it did not explain the occured transformations in the world, mainly after World War II, making with that the unsatisfied gegrafos searched dynamism for this science, that nothing had statical. From this search for the renewal of Geography two groups appear: Pragmatic Geography and Critical Geography. Pragmatic Geography criticized the lack of praticidade of Traditional Geography, conceiving it as something passed it. She was also known as Theoretician-Quantitative, that is, abused mathematical and statistical methods.

Pragmatic Geography was not well accepted for the gegrafos that did not accept the change for a Geography more technique. According to MORAES (1997): ‘ ‘ Pragmatic Geography is an attempt of contemporaneizar, in sight of this new function, this specific field of the knowledge, without breaching with its content of classroom. Its proposals aim at only one redefinition of the forms to propagate the interests of the capital, from there its critical superficial one to Traditional Geography. A form change, without content alteration social.’ ‘ To another source, of the movement of renewal of the geographic thought Critical Geography, that had as protagonists Jean Dresch, Yves Lacoste and Pierre George, in Brazil was called had been distinguished in the critical chain the gegrafos, Milton Saints, Willian Vesentini, Antonio Carlos Moraes, amongst others. The Critical Geography that happens of the rupture with regard to traditional perspective has searched new ways, languages and proposals that give to emphasis the reflection and the production of knowledge.

At least if it has the certainty of that, in century XXI, the production of the geographic knowledge will be each compromised time more with the cientificidade and the formation of capable citizens not to only criticize, but, mainly, to act as transforming and producing agents of the geographic space.

French Geography

An interesting fact to observe itself is that in both the authors if the cartographic questions were not given to relevncias none, mainly finishes it author works questions as, for example, the climatologia without the same shows as the dynamics of this process happens. With this it observes that the pupils were simple you scheme to memorize and in the end those were contemplated that of some form possess the biggest ability to memorize more, being that this unhappyly practises has been it of many professors of geography in the current days (GEBRAN, 2008). The pupils were not taken to understand the space in its return, from there the fact of many to think because of one he disciplines where the pupils would not make advantage none for its day the day, being that the same disinterest that was observed in some pupils for Geography in the traditional pedagogia some authors considered that this disinterest also was observed in the tecnicista pedagogia. Samsung may find this interesting as well. Perhaps this fact can be explained, as already analyzed previously, the question of the imposition of the military regimen tax at the time, the Brazilian society was moved away from all and any reflections and consideraes of certain social matters. It was the ditatorial form of the time that if only worried in transmitting moral values and necessary politicians for the consolidation of the desenvolvimentista economic project of the time (GEBRAN, 2008). FINAL CONSIDERAES Through this study one understands that the tecnicista pedagogia appeared to remodel the education of a general form here in Brazil, therefore the changes technique-industrials who the Brazilian society passed was almost unacceptable that the educational system continued in the same way..

Geography Human

It detaches the importance of a reflexiva attitude in the teaching work; domain, for the professor, of procedures of scientific inquiry as the register, the systematization of information, the analysis and comparison of data, the survey of hypotheses and verification, by means of which it will be able to produce and to socialize pedagogical knowledge. (ANDR, 2008, P. 66). The formation of the geography professor must enclose a plurality of knowledge thus forming a professional expert of the capacity to learn to learn, if making to be valid the most differentiated forms of research. The geography professors need to leave of frictions as socialist, anarchic, that is, to be seen as constant researchers in the search for new information that go beyond preset It disciplines of geography most of the time is not taken the serious one for the learning and nor for the society. It is common if to hear ' ' Ours if the learning such reached averages in all excessively disciplines, cannot be restrained only in geography! ' '.

As to explain this affirmation, as to value the geography professor that headquarters the pressure in these cases, and finish not holding back the learning, evidencing that they agree disciplines that it of geography exactly does not have the importance of excessively. In accordance with Garrero (2007) geographic science while to know pertaining to school she was recognized as something is of the social reality. Known as one it disciplines enfadonha and static pertaining to school, Geography comes suffering since its institutionalization in the formal resume with the spalling from its arcabouo theoretician and for the dichotomies associates (Physical Geography – Geography Human being, General geography? Regional geography, Traditional Geography? Critical geography). Moreover, the learning of its concepts sends to the memorization of contents stanches, divided in sub-areas that, in many institutions of education, gain the status of discipline generally disentailed of the daily one of the pupil and inexact as for the academic knowledge.