The Amazon region coexists with a picture on her idealized, a lot of the times distant of its reality on behalf of the imagery that is built under it. We have a multiple Amazon if its territory, natural resources biodiversity Amazon, but also an Amazon of social conflicts, exploited Amazon. Amazon still needs a social political project that is really back for her, or for its development, so that she can in a sustainable way managing their resources. Many of the studies conducted on the Amazonian issue has pointed out what for lack of an initiative that comes to control its conflicts partner within the region. Perhaps the cause of these social conflicts is precisely the way as it is built the imaginary on the region, is precise to open hand of old paradigms that glimpsed desabitada Amazon only as a reservoir of natural resources. For more articles and monographs on international policy is precise penetrate into Amazonia to bring with their real wealth, their culture and their peoples, social conflicts within the region are conflicts generated by the force of the capital over the region in the form of capitalist production.The explotatorio character creates social chasms that transcends regional and reached global scale. The strength of capital creates very strong social inequalities, creates the imbalance of nature, such as constructions of dams of hydroelectric dams, removes the Earth of their true owners. The capitalist production system imposes his strength and makes the construction of an ideology of regional development with the proposal to create profits for its inhabitants, however, we know that capitalism which acts on our Amazon region consistently reinforces a false projection. We observe in the struggle of the field that the policy desenvolvimentista creates more and more contradictions, in the great latifundia or in the occupation of indigenous lands, suga capitalist production resources and leads them to its headquarters in another country leaving for after, loss of biodiversity and conflicts increasingly alarming partner.