The Commonwealth of Dominica – a state located on the same island, the largest of the Windward Islands archipelago Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean. The island opened Xristofor Columbus Sunday, November 3, 1493, hence the name of the island (from the Latin Dominica – 'Sunday') Commonwealth of Dominica is a member of the Commonwealth nations, led by Britain. The capital of Dominica – Roseau city (18 thousand inhabitants) – one of the poorest capitals. History: In the 10 century ad Caribbean nations have won originally lived on the island Arawaks. In the 16-17 centuries.
French and English settlers in the bitter struggle with the Caribbean island captured. Since 1763, he became British colony, here to work on plantations began to bring African slaves. In 1978, Dominica gained its independence. Dominica is separated from the possession of France – Martinique to the south and Guadeloupe to the north – not wide straits. The island is mountainous, it is located a few dormant volcanoes, but volcanic activity is not stopped. The proof of this – a small lake of boiling water.
Very picturesque and local geysers. Island is untouched nature area in the Caribbean. Steep volcanic slopes are covered with lush tropical vegetation, mountain ranges flows down many small streams and rivers, forming waterfalls. During tropical storms, these rivers overflowing, so sometimes on the island celebrated the excess fresh water that is exported to other islands. The climate is tropical, humid trade wind, heat, soften the north-eastern winds. Monthly average temperature 25-27C, rainfall is 1500-2500 mm per year. The most favorable weather occurs from November to March. Fauna of the island is represented by several species of birds, mostly with bright plumage, reptiles (lizards), and insects, including many rare. The bulk of the population – negros and mulattos. Very small part – about 3 million people are famous 'militant Caribs', which peculiar attraction for tourists visiting the island actively. Most of the population speaks the local dialect of French. The capital has a dominant position on the island, there is a botanical garden, a lot interesting monuments: the Church of England, known as 'the old slave market', cobblestone area of Old Market, the Museum of the Dominican Republic, stone Catholic Cathedral. In Roseau in 1905, was built by public Library of the Carnegie Foundation, has Pedagogical Institute. The basis of economy is agriculture. Land, particularly in coastal areas occupied plantations of bananas, citrus, cocoa, coconut, mango, tobacco. There are enterprises producing fruit juice, canned food, copra, soap, cigars, rum, essential oils. Banana exports brings 50% of revenues to the state budget. In recent years, infrastructure development international tourism, tourists come mainly from the U.S. and Western Europe. Developed are available on the island a rich deposit of pumice. In general, the country's economy depends heavily on foreign economic aid, and Government takes measures to attract foreign firms and investments.