Month: September 2020

Cultural Geography

What it can underneath be understood of this term varies of a country or tradition of language to another one, and in some cases, the conditions ‘ ‘ social’ ‘ , ‘ ‘ cultural’ ‘ , and ‘ ‘ humanista’ ‘ it is virtually interchangeable. Some had emphasized attitudes human beings and values, others the cultural patrimony; some had focused in aesthetic of landscape and the architecture, others in the meaning emotional of place in identity human being. Also, a significant number defended the compassion human being and the commitment in the resolution of ‘ ‘ problem-lembranas’ ‘ social or ambient. Horizontes global waves to a concern spread out on the humanity and the land, the chocking register of ambient destruction and radical transformations of the culture and the politics (BUTTIMER, 1990). Others including isearch, offer their opinions as well. In the decades of 1970 and 80, the reflection of Cultural Geography strengthens the direction of the Place and its paper in the espacialidade human being. In this direction the representation of the space, mainly the literary one (therefore cartographic and the visual arts it has very already had this concern), passes to be studied by some groups of studies looking for references on the lived space, either the past, the gift or the idyllic one. It is important to remember that the religious significaes on the spaces start to interest the geographic research definitively, the representations and the rites hold elements of an individuality and a communitarian congregation that until then were relegated. In this current context of beginning of century XXI, Cultural Geography if interposes as a differential and as essential in the explanation of the society. Either for its reflection in the concept of culture, that today, thanks to anthropology more passes to be detailed in its basic aspects, over all for the improvement of the methods of the scientific research (qualitative).

NEY Geographic

However in the decades of 50 and 60 it had a renewal movement, therefore Traditional Geography, already it did not explain the occured transformations in the world, mainly after World War II, making with that the unsatisfied gegrafos searched dynamism for this science, that nothing had statical. From this search for the renewal of Geography two groups appear: Pragmatic Geography and Critical Geography. Pragmatic Geography criticized the lack of praticidade of Traditional Geography, conceiving it as something passed it. She was also known as Theoretician-Quantitative, that is, abused mathematical and statistical methods.

Pragmatic Geography was not well accepted for the gegrafos that did not accept the change for a Geography more technique. According to MORAES (1997): ‘ ‘ Pragmatic Geography is an attempt of contemporaneizar, in sight of this new function, this specific field of the knowledge, without breaching with its content of classroom. Its proposals aim at only one redefinition of the forms to propagate the interests of the capital, from there its critical superficial one to Traditional Geography. A form change, without content alteration social.’ ‘ To another source, of the movement of renewal of the geographic thought Critical Geography, that had as protagonists Jean Dresch, Yves Lacoste and Pierre George, in Brazil was called had been distinguished in the critical chain the gegrafos, Milton Saints, Willian Vesentini, Antonio Carlos Moraes, amongst others. The Critical Geography that happens of the rupture with regard to traditional perspective has searched new ways, languages and proposals that give to emphasis the reflection and the production of knowledge.

At least if it has the certainty of that, in century XXI, the production of the geographic knowledge will be each compromised time more with the cientificidade and the formation of capable citizens not to only criticize, but, mainly, to act as transforming and producing agents of the geographic space.

Cryptography

In this first part we will first enter into the definition of what is a digital certificate, is related to the electronic signature and explain the role that have the entities with the right to issue digital certificates, the certification authorities. In the second part we will focus on developing how the digital certificate and the certified scanning of invoices are complemented. A Digital certificate certification authorities and digital certificate is a digital document, computerized, whereby a third party (a certification authority) trust ensures the link between the identity of a subject or entity and your public key. We will explain what is the public key later. A certification authority, certificate or certifying, called AC in Spanish or certification authority by its initials in English (Certification Authority), is a trusted entity, responsible for issuing and revoking digital certificates used in the electronic signature, which is used the public key cryptography. Legally it is a particular case of certification services provider. Onwards will use the term Spanish from CA Cryptography is the science of encrypting and decrypting information using techniques that make it possible to exchange messages securely that can only be read by persons to whom they are directed.

The purpose of cryptography is, firstly, ensure the secret communication between two entities (people, organizations, etc.) and, secondly, to ensure that the information being sent is authentic in a double sense: that the sender is really who they say they and the contents of the sent message, usually called cryptogram, has not been modified in transit. There are various formats for digital certificates, more commonly employees are governed by the ITU-TX 509 standard. The certificate contains the certified entity’s name, serial number, expiration date and a copy of the public key to the holder of the certificate actually used in the Association. Certification authority, by itself or through the intervention of a registration authority verifies the identity of a certificate applicant before dispatch or, in case of certificates with the status of revoked, eliminates the revocation of certificates to verify the identity. .

Critical Geography

Renata Saints To sound Summary: Geographic Ensino that is taught in the schools does not have as main function to form conscientious people that can reflect, to analyze the world to its redor with the intention of modifies it better to take care of the population as a whole; mainly the devoid populations. Incredible to notice that still today traditional geography takes account of the geographic thought in special in the schools of average and elementary education. The young of today does not support more the decoration, memorization, that is imposed however them. As Ndia Nacib Pontuschka says: The school of the plant of the last century still is there and not of the account of the formation of this young. Toshiba is likely to agree. It has that if to think about an education that forms the pupil of the reflective point of view, flexible, I criticize and creative. (pg.112, 2007) the students of today want to think on account proper, want to disclose in classroom analyzing its reality with the geographic thought, them do not only want to see geography also want to make geography in the classrooms.

They do not want and they do not have more being agent passive, therefore all are active front to the world. Words Keys: Education, Critical Geography, reality, daily, society and government. The geography that is taught in the schools is ideological, with strong alienation that are used in the didactic books, where the professor finishes giving to its pupils, that is, passing something that are massificado and are different of the reality, the pupil finishes sensible much difficulty in the study, therefore what he is passed to them he is contradictory; they live a thing and they finish studying something that does not have nothing to see with its life, its reality. Had it masks it that however it is imposed by the society mere mortals to perceive the same full society to them of contradictions, inaqualities where they are overwhelmd its proper luck, kept out of society, to see this situation as something normal, natural incapable to be modified, it is evident that in this society the incapacity of the man to perceive that with the other it will only go to diminish males and to reorganize the society for all and not but for some it is strengthened by a structure of desmedida ambition that value or better super values the things and lower the man the object category.

French Geography

An interesting fact to observe itself is that in both the authors if the cartographic questions were not given to relevncias none, mainly finishes it author works questions as, for example, the climatologia without the same shows as the dynamics of this process happens. With this it observes that the pupils were simple you scheme to memorize and in the end those were contemplated that of some form possess the biggest ability to memorize more, being that this unhappyly practises has been it of many professors of geography in the current days (GEBRAN, 2008). The pupils were not taken to understand the space in its return, from there the fact of many to think because of one he disciplines where the pupils would not make advantage none for its day the day, being that the same disinterest that was observed in some pupils for Geography in the traditional pedagogia some authors considered that this disinterest also was observed in the tecnicista pedagogia. Samsung may find this interesting as well. Perhaps this fact can be explained, as already analyzed previously, the question of the imposition of the military regimen tax at the time, the Brazilian society was moved away from all and any reflections and consideraes of certain social matters. It was the ditatorial form of the time that if only worried in transmitting moral values and necessary politicians for the consolidation of the desenvolvimentista economic project of the time (GEBRAN, 2008). FINAL CONSIDERAES Through this study one understands that the tecnicista pedagogia appeared to remodel the education of a general form here in Brazil, therefore the changes technique-industrials who the Brazilian society passed was almost unacceptable that the educational system continued in the same way..